健康城市视角下的城市中心区滨水空间*: 理论机制、科学证据、关键要素

Investigating the Urban Central Waterfront Space from the Perspective of Healthy City: Theoretical Mechanisms, Scientific Evidence, and Critical Characteristics

杨雨雯
香港大学城市环境与健康虚拟现实实验室 香港大学建筑系 博士研究生

董叶文
香港大学建筑系园境建筑学部 硕士研究生

刘雪鸣
香港大学城市环境与健康虚拟现实实验室 研究助理,硕士

姜 斌(通信作者)
香港大学建筑系 助理教授,博士生导师,博士 城市环境与健康虚拟现实实验室 主任

摘要: 城市中心区滨水空间是陆地与水体交接的过渡区域,是多种景观资源和城市功能的混合体,是承载和激活城市居民公共 生活的重要场所。其品质对广大市民的健康和福祉有着重要且深远的影响。尽管现有文献从不同的方面指出了城市滨水 区各类环境要素可能对健康和福祉有显著的影响,但是我们掌握的知识仍然较为零散,缺少从健康城市这一视角下系统 审视和评价这些环境要素影响的研究。针对此问题,从健康城市滨水空间的理论机制、科学证据和关键要素特征3个方面 展开分析,提出一系列规划、设计和管理建议,希望为建设健康城市和健康滨水空间提供科学支持和实施建议。

Abstract: Urban central waterfront space is a transitional area where the land meets the water, with a mixture of diverse landscape resources and urban functions. It is an essential type of space to accommodate and stimulate public life, so its quality has multiple significant and lasting influences on human health and wellbeing. The existing literature has provided scattered evidence that a variety of environmental characteristics of urban waterfront space might significantly influence human health and wellbeing. However, few studies have provided a systematic review and evaluation of those characteristics from the perspective of Healthy City. To address this knowledge gap, we analyzed three aspects of the urban waterfront: the theoretical mechanisms, scientific evidence, and critical characteristics. Then we proposed a series of planning, design, and administrative suggestions on creating healthy waterfront spaces. This research aims to provide scientific evidence and practical suggestions for the development of healthy cities and healthy waterfront spaces.

关键词:健康城市;城市滨水空间;景观;功能;规划设计;城市管理

Keyword: healthy city; urban waterfront space; landscape; function; planning & design; city administration

中图分类号:TU981

文献标识码: A

资金资助

浙江省宁波市江北区综合行政执法局项目 “宁波市江北区景观学视角下的空间干预与社会共治方法研究”

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