建成环境对公共健康影响的尺度与方法研究*

Study on the Scale and Method of Impacts of Built Environment on Public Health

李经纬
清华大学建筑学院 博士研究生

欧阳伟(通信作者)
中国人民大学公共管理学院 硕士生导师,博士

田 莉
清华大学建筑学院 城市规划系副系主任 土地利用与住房政策研究中心 主任 教授,博士生导师

摘要: 近年来,建成环境对居民健康的影响成为跨学科研究的重点。在不同的空间尺度上,建成环境对健康影响的机制与研究方 法均有所差异。通过对国际上相关理论和实证的文献研究,总结建成环境对公共健康影响的研究基础;分析其研究尺度,包 括宏观(全球/国家/区域)、中观(城市/县)和微观(街道/社区)3个层次,明确不同尺度建成环境对健康影响的要素;并 围绕指标测度和研究方法进行评述。最后,提出健康导向下不同尺度的建成环境构建策略,以期为我国健康城市的建设提 供借鉴和参考。

Abstract: Recently, the impacts of built environment on public health have become the focus of interdisciplinary research. These impacts vary from scale to scale, and the research methods are different. Based on relevant theoretical and empirical literatures, we summarize the framework for studying the built environment on public health, analyze its dimensions, including macro (global/ national/regional), medium (city/ county) and micro (street/community) scale, and clarify the built environment factors of different scales, then focusing on index measurement and research methods. This study puts forward strategies of different scales of built environment to promote public health, with a view to providing the basis for healthy cities in China.

关键词:建成环境;公共健康;研究尺度;研究方法

Keyword: built environment; public health; research scale; research methods

中图分类号:TU981

文献标识码: A

资金资助

北京市卓越青年科学家计划项目 “北京城乡土地 利用优化的理论与规划方法体系研究”

国家自然科学基金委 ‘多维度—多尺度’视角下建成环境对老龄健康的影响研究”

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